AskDefine | Define pheasant

Dictionary Definition

pheasant

Noun

1 large long-tailed gallinaceous bird native to the Old World but introduced elsewhere
2 flesh of a pheasant; usually braised

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /'fɛsənt/

Noun

  1. A bird of family Phasianidae, often hunted for food.

Translations

a bird of family Phasianidae, often hunted for food

Extensive Definition

Pheasants are a group of large birds in the order Galliformes.
Pheasant are characterised by strong sexual dimorphism, with males being highly ornate with bright colours and adornments such as wattles and long tails. Males are usually larger than the females, and have longer tails. Males play no part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects. While on the ground, a group of pheasants is called a nye.
There are 35 species of pheasant in 11 different genera. The best-known is the Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) which is widespread throughout the world in introduced feral populations and in farm operations. Various other pheasant species are popular in aviaries, such as the Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus).

Species in taxonomic order

This list is ordered to show presumed relationships between species
  • Blood Pheasant (genus Ithaginis)
  • Koklass (genus Pucrasia)
  • Gallopheasants (genus Lophura)
    • Kalij Pheasant, (L. leucomelanos)
      • White-crested Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. hamiltoni)
      • Nepal Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. leucomelanos)
      • Black-backed Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. melanota)
      • Black Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. moffitti)
      • Black-breasted Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. lathami)
      • William's Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. williamsi)
      • Oates' Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. oatesi)
      • Crawfurd's Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. crawfurdi)
      • Lineated Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. lineata)
    • Silver Pheasant, (L. nycthemera)

References

  • Beebe, William. 1918-22. A Monograph of the Pheasants. 1st edition in 4 volumes: H. F. Witherby, London. Reprint: 1990, Dover Publications.(4 volumes bound as 2). ISBN 0-486-26579-X and ISBN 0-486-26580-3. Republished as: Pheasants: Their Lives and Homes. 2 vols. 1926. Single volume edition: New York Zoological Society, 1936.)
  • Green-Armytage, Stephen. 2002. Extraordinary Pheasants.Harry N. Abrams, Inc., New York. Book ISBN 0-8109-1007-1.
  • Madge and McGowan, Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse ISBN 0-7136-3966-0
pheasant in Czech: Bažant
pheasant in German: Fasan
pheasant in French: Faisan
pheasant in Ido: Fazano
pheasant in Portuguese: Faisão
pheasant in Romanian: Fazan
pheasant in Scots: Pheisant
pheasant in Swedish: Fälthöns
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